A power inverter, or inverter, is an electrical power converter that changes direct current (DC) to alternating current (AC).
The input voltage, output voltage, and frequency are dependent on design.
Static inverters do not use moving parts in the conversion process. Some applications for inverters include converting high-voltage
direct current electric utility line power to AC, and deriving AC from DC power sources such as batteries.
An inverter can produce square wave, modified sine wave, pulsed sine wave, or sine wave depending on circuit design. The two dominant commercialized waveform types of inverters as of today are modified Sine wave and Square wave.
There are two basic designs for producing household plug-in voltage from a lower-voltage DC source, the first of which uses a switching boost converter to produce a higher-voltage DC and then converts to AC. The second method converts DC to AC at battery level and uses a line-frequency transformer to create the output voltage. Sine wave inverters are more complex and have a higher cost than a Square Wave type of the same size.
In one simple inverter circuit, DC power is connected to a transformer through the center tap of the primary winding. A switch is rapidly switched back and forth to allow current to flow back to the DC source following two alternate paths through one end of the primary winding and then the other.
The alternation of the direction of current in the primary winding of the transformer produces alternating current (AC) in the secondary circuit.
However, modern inverters are integrated to do a dual work: converting DC to AC on power and reverse on power cut.